Simplifying Brain drain, it is better described as the systematic process in which a country loses its most educated and talented workers due to many factors with economic wellbeing being a high factor.
Africans have over the years suffered majorly from this erosive trouble.
With an estimated population of 1.216 billion across the continent, Across Africa vast opportunities remain untapped and the enabling environment to create the leverage-able platform remains unfound.
According to the United Nations report in 2015, 226 million youth aged 15-24 lived in the Africa continent, representing nearly 20% of Africa’s population, making up one fifth of the world’s youth population.
This number of workforce has increased over the last 5years, making Africa a pool of raw skills and talents. Emigration of these talents to other continent has been gradually creating an abys of brain drain in the continent.
The cycle of every young African journey rests on the hope that one day he/she will migrate to the western world to get a deserving employment reward for their skills. This cyclical shift is currently running and has been on-going for years leaving Africa running on a backward race.
STEM in Africa
Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) is an emerging light in Africa.
With Education Technology gradually receiving relevance value. Seeking to nurture early career scientists on this continent and advance research collaborations in STEM disciplines can extend scientific knowledge and yield solutions to global problems such as poverty.
The roles of expertise in this field cannot be over or under emphasized, to break the head to tail bond of brain drain in Africa the next generation and the present ones needs to be properly enlightened about the vast opportunities in Africa and how innovation techniques can provide sustainable solutions to tough challenges such as poverty.
Talent Pooling for Opportunities
Thestempedia.com mentioned that although Africa holds nearly 17% of the world’s population, it still lags behind in STEM.
Improving STEM education in Africa will require the canvasing of specialists. These individuals who understand how to respond to job requirements and also sociocultural realities.
They can be strategically identified to balance the skill gap in certain domains and evolving professions which technology has enabled.
Identifying these talents right from the tender shoot stage can provide Africa with a comparative advantage that can be utilized to create innovative solutions to tackle poverty which has been ravaging the continent.
There are many exploitable techniques to achieving an effective talent pool especially if there’s a common interest goal attached and skill visibility as well.
Many young experts fear that their work may never get center stage or they may never be given the appropriate limelight as well as financial and economic rewards.
Just like performing a major surgery, we need to place the right experts in the room. Creating expos, hackathons, and project submissions can be a great way to begin.
Africa has the right hands to begin this right approach and STEM can create the right pathway to achieve this.